October 01, 2019

Hawaii Congressional Delegation Urges USDA to Provide “Unique Assistance” to Hawaii Farmers Affected By Kilauea Eruption

WASHINGTON, D.C. – In a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue, the Hawaii Congressional Delegation is urging the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to provide much needed relief to Hawaii farmers and agricultural producers who were uniquely affected by the Kilauea eruption.

Unlike farmers impacted by floods and wildfires, Hawaii producers faced unique losses – including permanent loss of land – due to lava inundation. In their letter to USDA, the Hawaii Congressional Delegation emphasized that while current support programs like the Wildfire and Hurricane Indemnity Program Plus (WHIP+) are well-tailored for victims of other natural disasters, they do not provide adequate relief for victims of volcanic eruptions.

“We understand that you have to consider the entire country when making policy. However, we cannot impress upon you enough the unique nature of the losses experienced by our producers impacted by the volcanic eruption. While USDA’s existing disaster assistance programs and WHIP+ provide adequate relief for victims of natural disasters such as drought, flooding, wildfires, and hurricanes, they do not provide adequate relief for victims of volcanic eruptions,” the Delegation wrote. “This inadequacy is understandable given the infrequency of devastating volcanic eruptions in the United States. However, we urge the USDA to acknowledge the unique circumstances surrounding the impacts that the eruption has had on our producers to date. As such, we request that USDA make an exception and work with us and our Hawaii producers to provide unique assistance to farmers that were impacted by a truly unique disaster.”

The Hawaii Congressional Delegation has previously written to Secretary Perdue three separate times requesting the agency’s flexibility in helping impacted farmers recover from the natural disasters that occurred in 2018. They most recently wrote to Secretary Perdue in March, stating that the current programs did not adequately meet the needs nor provide the relief necessary for those farmers.

The full text of the letter to Secretary Perdue is available here and below:

The Honorable Sonny Perdue

Secretary

United States Department of Agriculture

1400 Independence Avenue, S.W.

Washington, DC 20250

Dear Secretary Perdue: 

Hawaii experienced multiple presidentially declared natural disasters in 2018, one of which was the Kilauea eruption. This eruption was the most destructive volcanic eruption that the United States has experienced in over 30 years. It destroyed homes, roads, farms, and entire communities on Hawaii Island. We appreciate that you were able to experience the extent of this destruction and hear personally from our impacted farmers when you visited Hawaii Island in December 2018. That personal engagement meant a great deal to our farmers, and we are hopeful that this firsthand experience illustrated that volcanic eruptions are unique in that lava does not afford impacted individuals the ability to return to the land afterwards, unlike floods, hurricanes, wildfires, etc.

Since the disaster, we have sought to work with USDA to address the ongoing concerns of our lava-impacted farmers. Specifically, our Congressional delegation has written to USDA on three separate occasions requesting the agency’s flexibility in helping our impacted farmers recover from this devastation. We have been disappointed with the responses to date.

In June 2018 we sent a letter to Undersecretary Northey bringing attention to the losses resulting from natural disasters in Hawaii and requesting the maximum assistance practicable, including flexibility with insurance sign up and the Emergency Conservation Program. We never received a formal response to that letter.

In September 2018 we sent another letter to Undersecretary Northey following up on the June letter and requesting ad-hoc disaster assistance for our farmers. The response we received was that while USDA was “aware of the burden placed upon farmers and ranchers because of natural disasters in Hawaii,” USDA was “not contemplating…additional ad-hoc disaster assistance in Hawaii or other States” and that “USDA is committed to providing resources to help farmers and ranchers recover from natural disasters using existing disaster assistance programs.” This response was disappointing, as the lava flow in Hawaii was unique from any disaster experienced in the United States. Further, while existing disaster assistance programs are well-tailored to other natural disasters like flooding, wildfire, and hurricanes, they are not tailored to addressing the devastation caused by volcanic activity. 

Finally, we wrote following your December 2018 visit requesting that USDA work with us in utilizing existing authorities beyond the standard disaster programs to help our impacted producers. Your response was that “Congress is considering legislation that would provide funds for assistance related to losses of crops caused by hurricanes, volcanic activity, or wildfires occurring in calendar year 2018. If legislation is enacted into law, USDA will work as expeditiously as possible to provide authorized assistance.”

After a months-long delay, Congress enacted legislation that was signed into law by the President in June 2019. As a result, USDA created the Wildfire and Hurricane Indemnity Program Plus (WHIP+). We appreciate the work that has gone into designing and executing this program, however we are disappointed that the payment limitation is capped at a maximum of $250,000 per producer, assuming they meet the income eligibility requirements. To compare, the 2017 WHIP program had a payment limitation of $900,000 per producer. While we understand that USDA was appropriated $3 billion to execute this national program and is expecting a large number of impacted producers to sign up, these payments will fall extremely short of providing adequate relief for some of our most impacted producers that lost land, infrastructure, and inventory. We urge you to reconsider this threshold, particularly based on the unique nature of Hawaii Island’s ongoing recovery needs. 

We understand that you have to consider the entire country when making policy. However, we cannot impress upon you enough the unique nature of the losses experienced by our producers impacted by the volcanic eruption. While USDA’s existing disaster assistance programs and WHIP+ provide adequate relief for victims of natural disasters such as drought, flooding, wildfires, and hurricanes, they do not provide adequate relief for victims of volcanic eruptions. This inadequacy is understandable given the infrequency of devastating volcanic eruptions in the United States. However, we urge the USDA to acknowledge the unique circumstances surrounding the impacts that the eruption has had on our producers to date.

As such, we request that USDA make an exception and work with us and our Hawaii producers to provide unique assistance to farmers that were impacted by a truly unique disaster.

Sincerely,

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